Shivaji took over
his first fort away from Adilshah in 1645. In the mean time
considering that Shivaji was gaining more power in Maharashtra, Mogul
sultan sent Afzalkan down south in 1656.
Adilshah in the
mean time was taken sick, and his state was in a disarray. Afzalkhan
was in the south. Shivaji took advantage of the situation and took
over Jawali in May of 1656. Afzalkhan met Shivaji with plans to kill
him but lost his own life instead.
In 1659 when
Shahajahan became sick and died Auragzeb took the throne. In June 1659
he sent Shahistekhan to take care of the south. When Afzalkhan was
killed, Shahistekhan took over Pune, where Shivaji grew up. Shivaji
taught him a good lesson and made him get out of Pune.
It seems Aurangzeb
was the only one who understood Shivaji the best. Mirza Raje Jayasingh
was one of Aurangzeb’s trusted advisor. He is the one who advised
Auranzeb to invite Shivaji to Delhi and put him under house arrest. It
was him who insisted that no harm should come to Shivaji. Shivaji ran
away in time, but had to leave his nine year old son Sambhaji behind.
Sambhaji returned home a few months later.
In 1674 at the age
of 44 Shivaji claimed himself as a sovereign king.
Shivaji had eight
wives. His elder son Sambhaji was born to his first wife Saibai, who
died soon after he was born. Shivaji’s mother Jijabai took care of
It seems during
last few months of his personal life was in a disarray. His wife
Soyerabai who wanted her son to be the crowned prince had enlisted few
of Shivaji’s councilmen in her camp. And then there was Samaji became
sick at the end of Marcbhaji who had the military backing.
Although there is
no factual baking to the story that Shivaji was poisoned, there is a
proof that shows that Shivaji had requested for poison antidote from
English tradesmen. Shivh 1680 and died on April the 3rd
religious, he wasn’t fanatic. He was strong, he wasn’t violent. He was
adventurous, he wasn’t careless. He was a businessman, he wasn’t
aimless. He was dreamer, but he also had strength to bring those
dreams to reality. He was never a collector of paintings or art, he
didn’t have any poets in his court. His contemporaries were ignoring
draught, poverty, English invasion and were busy erecting Taj Mahal.
Shivaji could not ignore these things, he neither had time nor money
to build Temples or Ghats or hospitals. It was said at the time that
since he did neither of the above, there wouldn’t have place in the
heaven for him. But taking care of people as whole is any King’s first
obligation. For that he has to fight, compete, rise to the occasion,
make concessions at times, make some promises and break some promises.
These are king’s duties. One that satisfies these duties gets well
wishes from his people and that is what opens the doors of heaven for
him. A King does not have personal love/hate, honor/dishonor.
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